Cambridgeshire is a county in England. It borders Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. The city of Cambridge is also the county town.
A great quantity of archaeological finds from the Stone, the Bronze and the Iron Ages were made in East Cambridgeshire.
It is also noted as the site of some of the earliest known Neolithic permanent settlements in the United Kingdom and was recorded in the Domesday Book as “Grantbridgeshire”
The Cambridgeshire Regiment (or Fen Tigers) was a county based army unit that fought in South Africa in both the First and Second World Wars and due to its flat terrain and proximity to the continent, many airfields were built for RAF Bomber Command, RAF Fighter Command, and the USAAF in the region during the Second World War.
It is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, the third-oldest surviving university, and is renowned as one of the most prestigious institutions of higher learning in the world.
It grew out of an association of scholars that was formed in 1209 (as early records suggest) by scholars leaving Oxford after a dispute with otherwise happy townsfolk.
Today, Cambridge is a collegiate university with 31 colleges and six academic schools.
All these university institutions occupy different locations in the town including a number of purpose-built sites and the student life is found in the arts, sport clubs and societies.
Cambridge is also a member of many academic associations and forms part of the ‘golden triangle’ of British universities.
The Universities of Oxford, Cambridge (Oxbridge) and the University of London (Imperial College, University College and the London School of Economics (LSE), form the three corners of the triangle. The members of the triangle have among the highest research incomes of all British universities.
It is the county flower of both Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire.